|1853, 22 April - 1914, 13 February
A Parisian police official who used photography to create a photographic library of criminals in the Nineteenth century. He was the first to recognize that by constructing a classification system of visual features one could improve police work by more easily recognizing criminals and repeat offenders. Bertillon was also involved as a prosecution witness for the infamous Dreyfus case in France where his evidence on handwriting helped to wrongly convict Dreyfus.
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