|Born: Eustace Frederick Calland |
|Dates: ||1865 - 1959|
|Born: ||England, Dorking|
|Died: ||England, London, Kensington|
Member of the Linked Ring Brotherhood. His works appeared in Kodak Portfolio: Souvenir of the Eastman Photographic Exhibition 1897, a Collection of Kodak Film Pictures by Eminent Photographers. and in the Photo-Club de Paris / 1894 (Pl. LVI).
Perhaps Calland's most famous photograph is known as "The Mall" (1896) published as the frontispiece in the January, 1898 issue of the Practical Photographer (1898: Volume IX) and also the January, 1900 (Volume 3 #3) issue of Camera Notes. This particular photograph was groundbreaking in many ways (and also seriously criticized and mocked by contemporaries) because it broke the so called accepted rules of pictorial composition by placing a tree in the center of the frame as a point of focus for the photograph.
Eustace Frederick Calland [commonly known as Eustace Calland; and, curiously, as Eustace G. Calland] was born in Dorking, Surrey, England, in 1865 and trained with photographer George Davison (1854-1930).
Calland began his career as a professional photographer in the late 1880s and within a decade was acknowledged as one of the finest photographers of his generation. Photographs by him were selected for inclusion in a seminal Eastman Kodak exhibition of work by "eminent photographers" held at the New Gallery in Regent Street, London in October-November 1897. Other exhibitions in which he participated included the Photographic Salons at the Dudley Gallery in London; the Photo-Club-Club de Paris in 1894; the Esposizione Internationale d'Arte Decorativa Moderna in Turin, Italy in 1902; the Secession exhibition in London in 1911.
His work was reproduced in Camera Notes, the Studio, The Practical Photographer, and in The Amateur Photographer, for whom he wrote articles in 1889 and 1896
Photographs by Calland were used to illustrate Ancient Furniture and Other Works of Art: A Collection formed by Vincent J. Robinson of Parnham House, Dorset by Vincent J. Robinson (London: Bernard Quaritch, 1902)
Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) was an admirer of his work.
[Edited pers. email Chris Mees to Alan Griffiths, 19 May 2013]
Approved biography for Eustace Calland
(Courtesy of Christian Peterson)
Londonís Linked Ring Brotherhood was Englandís most artistic group of photographers, and Eustace Calland was admitted to it on June 25, 1892, less than a month after it formed. Like most members, he took on a pseudonym, his being "Electrician," which may have referred to his profession.
Calland produced both landscapes and urban scenes, and was known to make glycerine-developed platinum prints. His photograph The Mall generated much attention due to its unorthodox composition, with a tree trunk perfectly bisecting the frame, a violation of conventional rules of composition. A debate broke out over the image and it was parodied in Photograms of the Year 1897. Alfred Stieglitz apparently appreciated Callandís radical image and presented it as photogravure in the January 1900 issue of Camera Notes. The English critic Charles Holme included one of his images in his deluxe 1905 book Art in Photography. Calland provided straightforward photographs of the decorative arts collection of Vincent J. Robinson for the 1902 book Ancient Furniture and Other Works of Art.
Calland, who studied with the great English landscape photographer George Davison, wrote some short articles for the photographic press. He contributed "Foreign Notes" to the American Amateur Photographer (January 1890), and four articles to the London weekly Amateur Photographer in 1889 and 1896.
Calland exhibited regularly for about twenty years around the turn of the twentieth century. He began by 1890, when his work was included in the annual exhibition of Londonís Royal Photographic Society. He showed in salons in London, Paris, and Philadelphia, and other photographic exhibitions in Brussels, Florence, Glasgow, New York, St. Louis, Turin, and Vienna. One of his images appeared as a photogravure in the catalog for the 1894 PremiŤre Exposition díArt Photographique in Paris. His last known exhibition appearance was in New Yorkís 1914 International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography, organized by Clarence H. White for the Ehrich Art Galleries. When American Photography reviewed the show, in its April 1914 issue, it illustrated one of Callandís images.
Christian A. Peterson Pictorial Photography at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Christian A. Peterson: Privately printed, 2012)
This biography is courtesy and copyright of Christian Peterson and is included here with permission.
Date last updated: 1 June 2013.
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