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HomeContents > People > Photographers > Hugo Henneberg

Other: Dr. Hugo Henneberg 
Dates:  1863, 27 July - 1918, 11 July
Born:  Austria, Vienna
Died:  Austria, Vienna
Austrian photographer who was a member of the ‘Das Kleebatt‘ group in Vienna in the mid-1890s and the ‘Linked Ring Brotherhood‘.

Preparing biographies

Approved biography for Hugo Henneberg
(Courtesy of Christian Peterson)

Except for a few years of schooling, Dr. Hugo Henneberg spent his entire life in Vienna, where he was born in 1863. He studied physics, chemistry, astronomy, and mathematics in Jena and Vienna from 1882 to 1887, and completed his doctorate in physics.
In 1890, Henneberg became interested in photography and traveled to Greece, Egypt, and the United States, where he met Alfred Stieglitz. The next year, he joined Vienna’s Club der Amateur Photographen and had his work included in the city’s Ausstellung Künstlerischer Photographien, the first international exhibition of artistic amateur photographs. For the next dozen years, his photographs appeared in salons in Brussels, Dresden, Florence, Hamburg, London, Paris, and Vienna, and often in their accompanying printed portfolios.
In 1895, Henneberg was impressed with gum-bichromate prints by the French master Robert Demachy, and soon took up this manipulative process himself. About this time, he began working closely with fellow Austrian pictorialists Heinrich Kuehn and Hans Watzek. They formed the Trifolium (Kleeblatt), and added a symbolic three-leaf clover when signing their individual prints. They traveled to Germany, Italy, and Holland together, and produced strikingly large and colorful gum prints of primarily landscape subjects. In the summer of 1897, they presented a group show of their work in Vienna.
In this country, Stieglitz featured Henneberg’s work in publications and exhibitions. The second issue of Camera Notes (October 1897), for instance, included one of his images as a photogravure frontispiece. Three photogravures by him also appeared in Camera Work (January 1906), all of them landscapes, with figures or buildings. That same year, Henneberg’s pictures were included in a small show of Austrian and German pictorialists (the Trifolium plus Theodor and Oskar Hofmesiter) at the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession, as well as the much larger Photo-Secession show at Philadelphia’s Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. In 1910, Stieglitz put five of Henneberg’s gum prints in the Albright Art Gallery’s International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography in Buffalo.
Henneberg was also honored by European photographic organizations. In 1894, he was elected to membership in the Linked Ring Brotherhood, England’s leading group of creative photographers. Four years later, he became an honorary member of the Photo-Club de Paris. By 1912, he was also an honorary member of his hometown Camera Klub Wein, which included his work in its twenty-fifth anniversary exhibition.
Henneberg began to paint and make etchings in 1898, and six years later also took up woodblock printing. After about 1910, he seems to have devoted himself largely to these arts, rather than photography. He died in Vienna in 1918. 
Christian A. Peterson Pictorial Photography at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Christian A. Peterson: Privately printed, 2012) 
This biography is courtesy and copyright of Christian Peterson and is included here with permission. 
Date last updated: 1 June 2013. 
We welcome institutions and scholars willing to test the sharing of biographies for the benefit of the photo-history community. The biography above is a part of this trial.
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Further research

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Family history 
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Visual indexes

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Internet biographies

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Getty Research, Los Angeles, USA has an ULAN (Union List of Artists Names Online) entry for this photographer. This is useful for checking names and they frequently provide a brief biography. Go to website
Grove Art Online ( has a biography of this artist. 
[NOTE: This is a subscription service and you will need to pay an annual fee to access the content.]
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Printed biographies

The following books are useful starting points to obtain brief biographies but they are not substitutes for the monographs on individual photographers.

• Auer, Michele & Michel 1985 Encyclopedie Internationale Des Photographes de 1839 a Nos Jours / Photographers Encylopaedia International 1839 to the present (Hermance, Editions Camera Obscura) 2 volumes [A classic reference work for biographical information on photographers.] 
• Lenman, Robin (ed.) 2005 The Oxford Companion to the Photograph (Oxford: Oxford University Press)  [Includes a short biography on Hugo Henneberg.] 

Useful printed stuff

If there is an analysis of a single photograph or a useful self portrait I will highlight it here.

• Gruber, Renate and L. Fritz Gruber 1982 The Imaginary Photo Museum (New York: Harmony Books) p.250 
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