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Stereographs Project

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HomeContents > People > Photographers > Josiah Johnson Hawes

Other: J.J. Hawes 
Joint: Southworth & Hawes 
Dates:  1808, 20 February - 1901
Born:  US, MA, East Sudbury [now Wayland]
Active:  US
American photographic partnership in conjunction with Albert Sands Southworth. 
Stereographs project 
Business locations 
Boston, MA, US 
[6-0] *[Josiah Johnson Hawes] "Photographer"; B. 08, MA; best known for fine dags, many made in partnership with Albert Sands Southworth. Trained as painter, 41 began dag. work also. Early brief partnership with Somerby ~42, partnership with A.S. Southworth in 43. Business not financially successful so Southworth left for CA gold fields in 49, returned in 51. The two men made many improvements in hardware & lab techniques including stereo viewers & cameras. Although Southworth was more voluble & famous, Hawes was the better photographer. Firm dissolved in 62, Hawes continued work under his own name. D. 01, NH. Made wide variety of rare views, portraits, statuary, scenics of Boston, Gloucester, Salem, etc. SEE The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, Sobieszek & Appel. 
T.K. Treadwell & William C. Darrah (Compiled by), Wolfgang, Sell (Updated by), 11/28/2003, Photographers of the United States of America, (National Stereoscopic Association)
Credit: National Stereoscopic Association with corrections and additions by Alan Griffiths and others.
NOTE: You are probably here because you have a stereograph to identify. Please email good quality copies of the front and back to so we can create reference collections for all.

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Further research

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Southworth & Hawes
Josiah Johnson Hawes 
Family history 
If you are related to this photographer and interested in tracking down your extended family we can place a note here for you to help. It is free and you would be amazed who gets in touch.

Visual indexes

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Internet biographies

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Getty Research, Los Angeles, USA has an ULAN (Union List of Artists Names Online) entry for this photographer. This is useful for checking names and they frequently provide a brief biography. Go to website
Grove Art Online ( has a biography of this artist. 
[NOTE: This is a subscription service and you will need to pay an annual fee to access the content.]
 Go to website

Internet resources

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"A Famous Photographer and his Sitters." An illustrated article regarding Josiah J. Hawes. ... 
From Demorest's Family Magazine (New York) Vol. 34, No. 5 (April 1898) pp. 134-35, 156. 
"Stray Leaves from the Diary of the Oldest Professional Photographer" A short autobiography of Josaih Hawes. ... 
From Photo-Era (Boston) Vol 16 (February 1906) 

Printed biographies

The following books are useful starting points to obtain brief biographies but they are not substitutes for the monographs on individual photographers.

• Auer, Michele & Michel 1985 Encyclopedie Internationale Des Photographes de 1839 a Nos Jours / Photographers Encylopaedia International 1839 to the present (Hermance, Editions Camera Obscura) 2 volumes [A classic reference work for biographical information on photographers.] 
• Beaton, Cecil & Buckland, Gail 1975 The Magic Eye: The Genius of Photography from 1839 to the Present Day (Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown & Company) p.42 [Useful short biographies with personal asides and one or more example images.] 
• Capa, Cornell (ed.) 1984 The International Center of Photography: Encyclopedia of Photography (New York, Crown Publishers, Inc. - A Pound Press Book) p.242, 473-474 
• Weaver, Mike (ed.) 1989 The Art of Photography 1839-1989 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press) p.466-467 [This exhibition catalogue is for the travelling exhibition that went to Houston, Canberra and London in 1989.] 
• Witkin, Lee D. and Barbara London 1979 The Photograph Collector’s Guide (London: Secker and Warburg) p.240-241 [Long out of print but an essential reference work - the good news is that a new edition is in preparation.] 

Useful printed stuff

If there is an analysis of a single photograph or a useful self portrait I will highlight it here.

• Naef, Weston 1995 The J. Paul Getty Museum - Handbook of the Photographic Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum) p.89 
• Newhall, Beaumont 1982 The History of Photography - Fifth Edition (London: Secker & Warburg) [One or more photographs by Josiah Johnson Hawes are included in this classic history.] 
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