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HomeContents > People > Photographers > Maxime Du Camp

Other: Maxime DuCamp 
Dates:  1822, 8 February - 1894, 9 February
Born:  France, Paris
Died:  Germany, Baden-Baden
Active:  France / Egypt
French photographer and writer. He traveled to Egypt with Gustave Flaubert, author of Madame Bovary, and brought back over 220 negatives.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York acquired an excellent collection of his salted paper prints from paper negatives when they acquired the Gilman Collection in 2005.

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Further research

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James Pradier / Eugène Gonon
Portrait of French critic and journalist Maxime Du Camp (1822–1894) 
Family history 
If you are related to this photographer and interested in tracking down your extended family we can place a note here for you to help. It is free and you would be amazed who gets in touch.

Visual indexes

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Supplemental information


Maxime Du Camp
France, 1882-1894

Du Camp learned calotyping from Gustave Le Gray and in 1849 persuaded the French Ministry of Education to send him on a photographic tour of archeological sites, accompanied by the novelist Gustave Flaubert. Du Camp focused on photographing the pyramids, the sphinx and other Egyptian monuments. On their twenty-one-month tour, Du Camp made 220 calotypes, 125 of which were printed by Louis-Desire Blanquart-Evrard and published as Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie, the first book about the Middle East illustrated with actual photographs. After his return, Du Camp gave up photography and devoted his time to writing.
From: Lee Witkin and Barbara London's The Photograph Collector's Guide, New York Graphic Society, Little Brown & Co., 1979.
[Contributed by Lee Gallery] 

Internet biographies

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Wikipedia has a biography of this photographer. Go to website
Getty Research, Los Angeles, USA has an ULAN (Union List of Artists Names Online) entry for this photographer. This is useful for checking names and they frequently provide a brief biography. Go to website
Grove Art Online ( has a biography of this artist. 
[NOTE: This is a subscription service and you will need to pay an annual fee to access the content.]
 Go to website

Printed biographies

The following books are useful starting points to obtain brief biographies but they are not substitutes for the monographs on individual photographers.

• Auer, Michele & Michel 1985 Encyclopedie Internationale Des Photographes de 1839 a Nos Jours / Photographers Encylopaedia International 1839 to the present (Hermance, Editions Camera Obscura) 2 volumes [A classic reference work for biographical information on photographers.] 
• Capa, Cornell (ed.) 1984 The International Center of Photography: Encyclopedia of Photography (New York, Crown Publishers, Inc. - A Pound Press Book) p.156-157 
• Lenman, Robin (ed.) 2005 The Oxford Companion to the Photograph (Oxford: Oxford University Press)  [Includes a short biography on Maxime Du Camp.] 
• Perez, Nissan N. 1988 Focus East: Early Photography in the Near East 1839-1885 (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.) p.159-160 [Short biography on Maxime Du Camp possibly with example plates.] 
• Witkin, Lee D. and Barbara London 1979 The Photograph Collector’s Guide (London: Secker and Warburg) p.127-128 [Long out of print but an essential reference work - the good news is that a new edition is in preparation.] 

Useful printed stuff

If there is an analysis of a single photograph or a useful self portrait I will highlight it here.

• Newhall, Beaumont 1982 The History of Photography - Fifth Edition (London: Secker & Warburg) [One or more photographs by Maxime Du Camp are included in this classic history.] 
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