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HomeContentsTimelines > 1837-1856

Political • Cultural • PhotographyPrevious Next


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1837Europe • France 
Jean-Baptiste Sabatier-Blot
Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre creates his first daguerreotype.
1838Europe • Great BritainThe Professor of Experimental Philosophy at King's College (London) Sir Charles Wheatsone gives an address on Contributions to the Physiology of Vision. Part the First. On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, Phenomena of Binocular Vision to the Royal Society of Arts in London. He proposes a device called a stereoscope that could be used to provide the illusion of depth and solidity. (21 June 1838)
1839Europe • UKMechanic's Magazine (vol. 32, no. 847, pp. 77-78) reprints an article from The Atheneum on "Patenting of M. Daguerre's Process in England". Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre patented his discovery in England but it was free to use elsewhere. (2 November 1839)
1839Europe • France 
François Arago
Fig. 12 Arago annonce la découverte de Daguerre 
1839, 10 August (event) 1864 (published)
Details of the photographic process for creating Daguerreotypes is announced in France by François Arago, a widely respected member of the Académie des Sciences, at a meeting in Paris revealing the work of Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre and his inventions. In exchange for a state pension to Daguerre and the son of Niépce the process is given freely to the world. The process is taken up with enthusiasm and the period of Daguerreotypomania begins. (19 August 1839)
1839Europe • France 
Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre
Vue de Chateau d'Eau prise du Boulevard St. Martin 
1822 (or later)
The diorama in Paris of Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre is destroyed by fire at the same time as he is showing his photographic discoveries to Samuel F.B. Morse. (8 January 1839)
1839Europe • France 
C. Barth
François Arago 
1840 (ca)
François Arago (1786-1853) gives a brief announcement of the discovery of Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre of the daguerreotype at the Académie des Sciences in Paris. The work of Joseph Nicéphore Niépce is not credited in the announcement but this is rectified in the following days by Francis Bauer. (7 January 1839)
1839Europe • FranceGazette de France publishes the first announcement of the invention of photography. (6 January 1839)
1839Africa • Egypt 
Frédéric Goupil-Fesquet
Harem de Mehmet-Ali at Alexandria 
[Excursions daguerriennes: Vues et monuments les plus remarquables du globe] 
1839 (taken) 1842 (engraving)
The first group to visit Egypt with a camera, supplied by Lerebours, were the painters Horace Vernet and Frédéric Goupil-Fesquet who made daguerreotypes. (6 November 1839)
1839North America • USAThe transatlantic steamer Great Western docks in New York at 7 a.m., Sept. 10, 1839 bringing the French and English newspapers that announce the Daguerreotype and include the first instructions for their production. (10 September 1839)
1839Europe • France 
Hippolyte Bayard
[Self-Portrait in the Garden] 
Hippolyte Bayard holds the world's first exhibition of photographic prints when he displayed thirty of his works. (24 June 1839)
1839Europe • Great BritainFrancis West, a London optician, advertises the first camera on sale to the public. (June 1839)
1839North America • USAD.W. Seager takes the first successful Daguerreotype in North America - the subject is St Paul's Church, New York. (16 September 1839)
1839Europe • Great Britain 
Antoine Claudet
William Henry Fox Talbot 
1844 (ca)
Henry Fox Talbot submits his paper Some account of the Art of Photogenic Drawing, or the process by which natural objects may be made to delineate themselves without the aid of the artist's pencil at the Royal Society in London. (31 January 1839)
1839North America • USA 
Samuel F.B. Morse
Morse Daguerreotype Camera 
The American inventor Samuel Morse (1791-1872) meets with Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre in Paris and learns the Daguerreotype process. After returning to the USA he promotes the process and trains people including Mathew Brady (1823-1896) who becomes one of the most important American portrait photographers and records the American Civil War (1861-1865). (March 1839)
1839Europe • Great Britain 
John Herschel
Fig. 21. John Herschell [sic.] 
1864 (published)
Sir John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871) presents his paper Note on the art of Photography, or The Application of the Chemical Rays of Light to the Purpose of Pictorial Representation to the Royal Society and this is the first time the word photography is used. (14 March 1839)
1840North America • USA 
John William Draper
John William Draper (1811-1882) takes the first Daguerrian plate showing the solar spectrum.
1840Europe • Great Britain 
Julia Margaret Cameron
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Baronet, Collingswood 
1867, 7 April
John Herschel successfully fixes sensitized paper using his 1819 discovery of hyposulphite of soda dissolved in silver salts still used today called hypo.
1840North America • USAAlexander Simon Wolcott and John Johnson open the world's first Daguerreian Parlor in New York. (March 1840)
1840Europe • AustriaFirst lens designed specifically for photographic purposes by Hungarian-born Józeph Petzval (1807-1891).
1841Europe • Great BritainHenry Collen opens the first Calotype studio in London under a license from Henry Fox Talbot and uses the portraits as a starting point for miniatures. (August 1841)

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